Lifestyle & Culture

Kitchen Detail: Steak au Poivre

February 2, 2023

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By Nancy Pollard

After owning one of the best cooking stores in the US for 47 years—La Cuisine in Alexandria, Virginia—Nancy Pollard writes Kitchen Detail, a blog about food in all its aspects—recipes, film, books, travel, superior sources, and food-related issues.

I LEARNED the classic technique for making Steak au Poivre from Mary Bond, with whom I cooked for almost three years. She was one of the few Americans who took the three-year program, Grand Diplôme, at Cordon Bleu in Paris over 60 years ago. She is probably the only person who did so well in the final exam that the chef wrote “Très Bien” on her diploma.

Steak au poivre test with thermapenShe taught me this technique with New York Strip or Delmonico steaks, but I frequently sear tenderloin cuts that are about 1½ inches thick. You can certainly do this with other steak cuts too, but they should be at least an inch thick. This is also where American cast-iron and French carbon-steel pans shine. You want a dark sear, plus the ability to cook over a longer period of time to get the rare temperature you want with no burning before it is done. You will want to have the steak underdone before you add the Cognac, as this will cook the steaks further. The Resident Wine Maniac in our house loves this recipe so much that he has taken it over as his dish.

Ingredients and Equipment Matter

cognac in action for the steak au poivre

Cognac in action!

Check out De Buyer for carbon-steel pans and Lodge Manufacturing for cast-iron ones. Although Mary really had the touch in discerning the doneness of meat, I do not. I pull out my trusty ThermoWorks Thermapen for this (get yours here), and it never fails. When it hits around 105F, that’s the moment to allow the photogenic flames to do their thing, and remove the steaks at about 120F. Also, please promise me that you won’t use ultra-pasteurized whipping cream, one of the many food travesties visited upon US citizens. It would break my heart and never coalesce into a nice sauce.  My current favorite heavy cream is from Trickling Springs, but Chrome and Lewes Dairy are also lovely. As for the peppercorns, you can crush them in a mortar or set a pepper grinder to its coarsest grind. My pepper mill is from Fletchers’ Mill in Maine.

A little side note on Cognac: Hennessy, Rémy Martin, Courvoisier, and Martell are good brands, generally available throughout the US both in VS and VSOP grades. VS is cheaper and is certainly okay to cook with. But if you want a nice digestif as well as a cooking cognac, spring for the slightly more expensive VSOP. The VS (Very Special) stands for an eau-de-vie that has been aged in oak barrels for two years, and VSOP ( Very Special Old Pale) is for one that has been aged in the same wood as VS but for four years. Even though this is a grading system initiated in France, the terms are in English, as the first importers of Cognac were the English.

Not All Peppers Are Equal

Marmotecnica mortar with mixed peppercornsNormally, I recommend Lampong or Sarawak black peppercorns. Lampong, when I can get it, has a mild bite and a real citrusy aroma.  Sarawak is  more mellow in aroma but still has less of the hot bite that some others do. Tellicherry is the more tightly controlled peppercorn grown in the Malabar region, but it’s pretty intense for this dish. Try a mix of white (Muntok), Pink (which is not a real peppercorn), green (not in brine), and a black pepper. It is a bit of heresy for this classic recipe, but the combined flavors give an added depth to the final dish.

And, as Mary admonished me years ago, this dish doesn’t need anything else to garnish it, not even parsley!

Steak au Poivre

Serves 2
A little attention, very little time, and you will have steak that cannot be improved upon!
Recipe by Mary Bond.
Adapted from Cordon Bleu Paris.

2 individual steaks with a thickness of 1½ inches (3.75cm)—New York Strip, Delmonico, Filet Mignon approximately 8 ounces in all (225gr)
3 to 4 tablespoons mild black peppercorns (or an assortment), crushed (30-40gr)
2 tablespoons butter plus 2 tablespoons grapeseed or olive oil to film the pan
Coarse sea salt, fleur de sel, or Maldon salt to finish
2 to 3 tablespoons Cognac
¾ cup heavy cream (not ultra-pasteurized!)


Press both sides of the steaks into the crushed peppercorns.

Heat oil and butter in heavy skillet until hot and the fats have just finished bubbling. Add the steaks to the skillet.

Press down on the steaks to make them more compact. Allow them to set for a moment to take the heat, and then lift them slightly with your spatula, to let the fat run underneath.

Lower the heat to medium and let cook—not too fast—so that the pepper will be grilled but not burned.

When blood begins to rise and the meat swells slightly (4 to 5 minutes), turn the steaks. Salt the second side only and spoon over the juices.

Continue to cook for another 4 minutes for medium-rare, basting once again.

Remove the steaks and pour off most of the fat.

Add the Cognac to the pan and let it warm. Return the steaks to the pan.

Flame the Cognac by tilting the pan toward the burner if you have gas, or light it with a match.

When the flame has died out, remove the steaks to a warm serving platter.

Add the cream to the pan and swirl it over medium-high heat until it bubbles along the edges and has the consistency of a thin sauce. Spoon over steaks and serve.

No parsley needed.

  1. Sautéed spinach, a few parboiled and sautéed fingerling potatoes (you can add parsley to these) and a baguette to sop up the sauce makes this a restaurant-worthy meal.
  2. I use a mix of green, red, white, and mild black peppercorns.

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